准备工作

创建表

use [test1]gocreate table [dbo].[student]( [id] [int] identity(1,1) not null, [name] [nvarchar](50) null, [project] [nvarchar](50) null, [score] [int] null, constraint [pk_student] primary key clustered ( [id] asc)with (pad_index = off, statistics_norecompute = off, ignore_dup_key = off, allow_row_locks = on, allow_page_locks = on) on [primary]) on [primary]go

插入数据

insert into test1.dbo.student(name,project,score)values('张三','android','60'), ('张三','ios','70'), ('张三','html5','55'), ('张三','.net','100'), ('李四','android','60'), ('李四','ios','75'), ('李四','html5','90'), ('李四','.net','100');

使用Case When和聚合函数进行行专列

语法

select column_name,aggregation function(case when expression) from database.schema.tablegroup by column_name

语法解析

俄罗斯贵宾会,column_name

数据列列名

aggregation function

聚合函数,常见的有:sum,max,min,avg,count等。

case when expression

case when表达式

示例

select name,max(case project when 'android' then score end) as '安卓',max(case project when 'ios' then score end) as '苹果',max(case project when 'html5' then score end) as 'html5',max(case project when '.net' then score end) as '.net'from [test1].[dbo].[student]group by name

示例结果

转换前

转换后

使用PIVOT进行行专列

PIVOT通过将表达式中一列中的唯一值转换为输出中的多个列来旋转表值表达式。并PIVOT在最终输出中需要的任何剩余列值上运行聚合,PIVOT提供比一系列复杂的SELECT…CASE语句指定的语法更为简单和可读的语法,PIVOT执行聚合并将可能的多行合并到输出中的单个行中。

语法

select non-pivoted column, [first pivoted column] as column name, [second pivoted column] as column name, ... [last pivoted column] as column name from (select query that produces the data) as alias for the source query pivot ( aggregation function(column being aggregated) for [column that contains the values that will become column headers] in ( [first pivoted column], [second pivoted column], ... [last pivoted column]) ) as alias for the pivot table optional order by clause;

语法解析

non-pivoted column

非聚合列。

[first pivoted column]

第一列列名。

[second pivoted column]

第二列列名。

[last pivoted column]

最后一列列名。

select query that produces the data

数据子表。

alias for the source query

表别名。

aggregation function

聚合函数。

column being aggregated

聚合函数列,用于输出值列,最终输出中返回的列将对其进行分组。

[column that contains the values that will become column headers]

转换列,此列返回的唯一值将成为最终结果集中的字段。

[first pivoted column], [second pivoted column], … [last pivoted
column]

数据行中每一行行要转换的列名。

optional order by clause

排序规则。

示例

select b.Name,b.[android],b.[ios],b.[html5],b.[.net] from (select Name,Project,Score from [test1].[dbo].[student])as apivot( max(Score) for Project in ([android],[ios],[html5],[.net])) as border by b.name desc

示例结果

转换前

转换后

注意事项

1、如果输出列名不能在表转换列中,则不会执行任何计算。

2、输出的所有列的列名的数据类型必须一致。

总结

以上就是这篇文章的全部内容了,希望本文的内容对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,谢谢大家对脚本之家的支持。

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

相关文章